Gli italiani e l’aperitivo
Happy Hour, which is the happiest hour of the day. Because the working day is gone, because it relaxes and you see friends. A precious, often elegant moment that has always been a ritual, that of the aperitif. Born in Turin, when at the end of the 18th century the Carpano brothers invented vermouth (wine enriched with spices and herbs), it was immediately boom. At the beginning of the 20th century, the aperitif became a social phenomenon, in the cafes the classic glass of wine was transformed into cocktails and the first drink lists were born.
“It is difficult to attribute a cocktail to a specific historical period in a schematic way. Often the identity of a drink takes decades to become definitive, developed over the years between changes in habits and tastes “, told the bartender Rachele Giglioni of the Rivalta Caffè in Florence on the occasion of the Grand Gala of the Aperitif, an event that is held in Turin with some of the most famous mixed drink artists.
We have chosen some classic for you.
Americano: ie red vermouth, bitter and soda poured directly into the glass. On his name a bit ‘of legend: the cocktail would be named in honor of Primo Carnera, the Italian boxer who fought in the United States and for this said precisely “the American”.
Negroni: he made his debut at the beginning of the 1920s, in the historic Casoni bar in Florence. It was called “the fashionable American of Conte Negroni” from the name of its most assiduous and famous admirer. It comes from the American, but here the soda is replaced by gin. The drink is poured directly into the glass on the rocks.
The Mi-To is the roaring years that was born to celebrate the highway that linked the two cities of Northern Italy. The Campari, symbol of Milan, joins in equal parts to the Turin vermouth: it is prepared in the mixing glass and served in the cup, without ice.
60s: this is the golden age of pre-dinner cocktails, based on vermouth, like Manhattan, but above all the Martini Dry (shaken, not stirred). Protagonist and undisputed star of Italian aperitifs on the international stage.
Negroni Sbagliato born at the Bar Basso in Milan and that becomes as popular as its Florentine precursor (the ingredients: bitter, vermouth and spumante brut).